JICDRO is a UGC approved journal (Journal no. 63927)
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 68-73

Effect of personal habits on bone mineral density among adults using orthopantomogram indices as a screening tool for osteoporosis

1 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Growth and Pediatric Endocrine, School of Health Sciences, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, Ashwini Rural Medical College, Solapur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jayant N Palaskar
Department of Prosthodontics, Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital, Vadgaon Bk, Pune - 411 041, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jicdro.jicdro_101_21

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Background: Effect of tobacco, areca nut, and alcohol consumption (vices) on orthopantomogram (OPG) indices. Aims: To assess the relationship between vices on OPG indices in Indian adult males aged 20–60 years. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted on 172 males with a mean age of 34.2 ± 1 years. OPG was used for measuring mandibular indices and correlated with the history of the presence of vices. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were presented as mean ± SE or frequency (%). Point biserial correlation was used to assess the correlation between OPG indices and vices. Analysis of covariance was used to analyze the differences in age-adjusted OPG indices between males who had vices against males who had no vice. Results: Overall, 21.5% of the males had at least one vice. A significant decrease in antegonial index (AI) values (P < 0.05) was found between tobacco and alcohol consumption. There was a significant decrease in the values of the gonial index (GI) and AI, having at least one vice (P < 0.05). A higher percentage of participants who had at least one adverse habit had low OPG indices score than participants who had no such habits. Conclusions: Orthopantomogram indices specifically AI were negatively affected in males who had vices.

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