JICDRO is a UGC approved journal (Journal no. 63927)
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-85

Chlorhexidine in operative dentistry - A review


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, MGM Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dr. DY Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tanvi Sanjay Satpute
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, MGM Dental College and Hospital, Junction of NH4 and Sion-Panvel Expressway, Sector 1, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai - 410 209, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jicdro.jicdro_2_21

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This review aims to explore existing literature and provide information about techniques that have been employed to incorporate chlorhexidine (CHX) in dental materials, its antimicrobial effectiveness, and its effects on the pulp and dental restorations, in addition to its possible side effects. For both dentists and patients, one of the most important aspects of dental restorations is its longevity. Thus, the objective should be elimination of bacteria and bacterial remnants that can be responsible for recurrent caries, postoperative sensitivity, and ultimately failure of the restoration. Searches were carried out on various online databases including PubMed. Keywords were chosen to assess the properties of various dental materials containing CHX. Methods of introducing CHX in restorative materials were also searched. Studies were selected based on relevance, with a preference given to recent research. A range of antibacterial agents have been incorporated into experimental as well as commercial dental restorative materials to provide antibacterial activity. CHX has demonstrated to be effective and safe against bacterial plaque and biofilms. In addition to its plaque-inhibiting effect, CHX displays other properties beneficial for use in Operative Dentistry.


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