JICDRO is a UGC approved journal (Journal no. 63927)
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 101-108

Saliva in coronavirus disease-2019: A reliable diagnostic tool and imperative transmitter: A review

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University) Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Darshan R Prasad Hiremutt
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Katraj - Dhankawadi, Pune - 411 043, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jicdro.jicdro_81_20

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Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) caused by zoonotic virus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 was first reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, in 41 patients with a perplexing pneumonia. Ever since, it has wreaked havoc in the entire world and was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. According to the WHO, 2019-nCoV principally spreads through respiratory droplets and saliva, thus making dental care and other aerosol-generating practices precarious in nature. Saliva is a bio mixture secreted from major and minor salivary glands which plays a vital role in prompt diagnosis and close contact transmission of the disease. In this article, we discuss the role of saliva in the diagnosis and as a potent transmitter of COVID-19 infection.

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