JICDRO is a UGC approved journal (Journal no. 63927)
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 81-87

Oral and periodontal status in patients with tuberculosis in Vidarbha region of Central India

Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Sharad Pawar Dental College, DMIMS (DU) Deemed to be University, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Prasad Vijayrao Dhadse
Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jicdro.jicdro_3_18

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Context: The purpose of this study was to asses oral and periodontal status of the patients with tuberculosis (TB) at various TB hospitals in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state, India. Aim: The aim of the present cross-sectional observational study was to assess oral and periodontal status in TB patients at four different centers in Vidarbha region of Central India. Settings and Design: This study was a cross-sectional observational study. Subjects and Methods: The study population consisted of 127 patients aged 13–80 years admitted in wards of four different centers around Sawangi. The soft-tissue lesion and periodontal index were assessed using specialized design proforma. Results: None of the patients reported with healthy periodontal status. Oral lesions were observed in 48.03%, with most frequent sites of involvement were tongue, buccal mucosa, and soft palate. A majority of patients had generalized periodontitis. The prevalence of HIV-positive patient was 7.87%. The mean debris score was 1.35 ± 0.66 and mean calculus score was 1.21 ± 0.60 followed by pocket and clinical attachment level in the range of 1.77 ± 0.56 and 2.81 ± 0.71, respectively. Conclusions: The oral health professional should be made aware to treat the oral lesions in patients with TB with greater caution as the incidence of periodontal diseases and oral lesion, and HIV has become alarmingly higher with these classes of patients.

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