JICDRO is a UGC approved journal (Journal no. 63927)
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-18

Anatomic variables affecting interdental papilla

Department of Periodontology and Implantology, MGV's K.B.H. Dental College and Hospital, Panchavati, Nashik, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Vaidehi Nitin Jagdhane
'Vasudha Bungalow', Krushnaban Colony, Bhujbal Farm Road, Mumbai Agra Road,Nashik - 422 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0754.134131

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Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the anatomic variables affecting the interdental papilla. Materials and Methods: Thirty adult patients were evaluated. Papilla score (PS), tooth form/shape, gingival thickness, crest bone height and keratinized gingiva/attached gingiva were recorded for 150 inter proximal sites. Data were analyzed using SPSS software package (version 7.0) and the significance level was set at 95% confidence interval. Pearson's correlation was applied to correlate the relationship between the factors and the appearance of the papilla. Results: Competent papillae (complete fill interdentally) were associated with: (1) Crown width (CW): length ≥0.87; (2) bone crest-contact point ≤5 mm; and (3) inter proximal gingival tissue thickness ≥1.5 mm. Gingival thickness correlated negatively with PS (r = −0.37 to −0.54) and positively with tissue height (r = 0.23-0.43). Tooth form (i.e., CW to length ratio) correlated negatively with PS (r = −0.37 to −0.61). Conclusion: Gingival papilla appearance was associated significantly with tooth form/shape, crestal bone height and interproximal gingival thickness.

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